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Physical therapy is a form of treatment offered to help patients move better and get relief from pain. It can also be used to restore or improve physical function. This treatment can also boost fitness levels. The main goal of physical therapy is to make it easy for patients to carry out day-to-day activities and tasks. It can help people who have gone through surgery to recover. Doctors also recommend physical therapy to address injuries and some long term medical conditions.
Physical therapists are trained to offer physical therapy to help patients restore or improve mobility and reduce pain. In most cases, a physical therapist can treat a patient without using surgery or prescription medication. The therapists can teach their patient how to mange or prevent conditions and achieve long term health benefits.
Physical therapists are based in various settings such as nursing homes, outpatient clinics, private practices, hospitals, schools, sports facilities and work settings. Intermed Care PC is an example of a multispecialty practice that offers physical therapy. Physical therapists can offer treatment for neck and back pain, wound care, cancer-related issues, and cardiac rehabilitation.
The treatment techniques include:
· Joint mobilization
· Electrical muscle stimulation
· Endurance exercises
· Strength training
· Cold and hot packs
The type of techniques applied during physical therapy varies depending on the area of specialty. There are five main form of physical therapy including:
Orthopedic focuses on the muscoskeletal system that includes bones, ligaments, joints, and tendons. If you suffer from a sports injury or a condition that affects your muscoskeletal system, you need an orthopedic physical therapist.
A physical therapist who specializes in geriatric treatment deals with older adults. The treatment will target conditions like balance disorders, joint replacement, Alzheimer’s disease, cancer, arthritis, and osteoporosis. The treatment in this case will be used to enhance physical fitness, reduce pain, and restore mobility. The techniques may include walking stretching, and manual therapy.
Neurological physical therapy can be used to treat patients who have suffered from stroke, brain injury, cerebral palsy and multiple sclerosis. In this case, a physical therapist helps a patient to achieve autonomous function to allow them to live independently for as long as they can. The physical therapist will help a patient to adapt to muscle loss, balance, visual, and mobility impairments.
A physical therapist can also offer cardiopulmonary treatment for patients with pulmonary and cardiovascular conditions such as pulmonary fibrosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and heart attacks. The main objective of the treatment in this case is to enhance endurance and functional independence.
A physical therapist can also focus on the needs of adolescents, children, toddler, and infants. The therapist helps to identify and correct any conditions that can interfere with a child’s natural learning and movement. Pediatric physical therapist can address a variety of conditions including:
· Head trauma
· Birth defects
· Acute injury
· Muscle diseases
· Orthopedic disabilities
· Developmental delays
· Genetic disorders
· Limb deficiencies
A physical therapist relies on a variety of techniques to address medical conditions without medication.